Chloroquine is now uncommonly used in favor of its derivative hydroxychloroquine. In the United States, hydroxychloroquine is most often used for its anti-inflammatory effects in rheumatology and dermatology. Easily bruising side effect of plaquenil Plaquenil hair line Plaquenil oct macula It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine is rare, but even if the medication is discontinued, vision loss may be irreversible and may continue to progress. Plaquenil-induced toxic maculopathy was first described in 1967. Because the retinal damage from plaquenil is usually irreversible if present for a more prolonged period of time, it is important to detect the disease in its early stages. The new guideline on screening for hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine retinopathy is written in response to evidence from the United States that shows that hydroxychloroquine retinopathy is more common than previously recognised. Implementation of the guideline’s recommendations will prevent iatrogenic visual loss. While early toxicity may be asymtomatic, patients with more advanced stage of toxicity may complain of color vision changes or paracentral scotomas. Its toxic effects on the retina are seen in the macula. Plaquenil maculopathy screening Eye screening for patients taking hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, Plaquenil-Induced Toxic Maculopathy - Decision-Maker PLUS Plaquenil leg crampsChloroquine against malaria Apr 20, 2011 Toxic maculopathy associated with chloroquine use was first documented in the literature five decades ago.1 In the United States, Plaquenil––an analog to chloroquine––is used to treat a variety of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and several distinct inflammatory disorders. New Plaquenil Guidelines -. RCOphth guideline Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine.. Protecting your eyesight when taking Plaquenil Lupus.. Currently, one of the primary functional screening tests recommended for the evaluation of Plaquenil retinal toxicity is 10-2 white stimulus automated visual fields; however, research shows Asian patients benefited from 24-2 or 30-2 visual fields, given that toxicity often manifests changes beyond the macula in these patients. 9 Because spectral-domain optical coherence tomography SD-OCT is readily accessible and able to detect early structural damage prior to clinical funduscopic findings. In 2011 the American Academy of Ophthalmology published new clinical guidelines for appropriate annual screenings for those patients taking Plaquenil. These guidelines are much different from the previous 2002 recommendations, and many practicing doctors were trained with the 2002 guidelines in mind. H ydroxychloroquine HCQ; Plaquenil, Sanofi, Bridgewater, NJ is an antimalarial agent that is also commonly used as a treatment for a variety of rheumatologic and dermatologic conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.